6 Steps to guide you about In Vitro Fertilization Process

With time the technological advancements and scientific developments have helped in reducing the infertility problems in both the sexes. The techniques known as assisted reproduction treatments such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Assisted Hatching (AH), etc. have provided aid to patients in attaining the joys of parenthood.
Comprehending the importance of awareness of the various options available for artificial insemination we bring you a brief introduction to the IVF technique.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is an out of the body process wherein the egg is combined with the sperm in a petri dish for the process of fertilization,and when the egg transforms into an embryo, it is transferred to the mother’s uterus with the help of a catheter.
Before entering the treatment, it is essential to understand what will follow once the treatment begins. Therefore, knowing about every step involved is inevitable.

Step 1: Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation
·         This step is same as Ovulation Induction Treatment. It includes the usage of the fertility drugsfor induction of ovulation in women that have anovulation.
·         These medications are utilized to stimulate the development of multiple eggs and mature follicles to improve the chances of success of pregnancy.
·         In a way, the patient is given -
Medications for ovarian stimulation
Drugs for egg (oocyte) maturation
Medications to prevent premature ovulation
Medicines to prepare the lining of your uterus
Step 2: Egg Retrieval
·         Usually, 34-36 hours before egg retrieval, an HCG (hormonal) injection is given to help with the egg maturation.
·         During egg retrieval, the patient is sedated and given pain medications.
·         Usually Transvaginal ultrasound is used as an egg retrieval method but if ovaries are not accessible through this ultrasound surgical method is used.
·         In the Transvaginal Ultrasound - A thin needle is inserted into follicles to extract the eggs under the guidance of ultrasound.
·         In the surgical method – A tiny incision is made near the navel, and then a laparoscope is inserted to guide the needle in.
·         The eggs are retrieved from the follicles through a needle attached to a suction device.

·         Then the matured eggs are incubated and placed in a culture medium.

Step 3: Sperm Retrieval

·         The patient’s partner provides a semen sample to the doctor on the morning of egg retrieval.

·         Sometimes a surgical process is also required to extract the sperm directly from the testicles, or a sperm donor can also be used.

Step 4: Fertilization and Embryo Culture
·         After the eggs are recovered, they are combined with the sperm collected, for the process of fertilization.
·         Sometimes if there is an issue with the sperm such as low count, poor quality or low motility, a technique known as ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) is used.
·         The egg and sperm are then monitored for fertilization. Once the fertilization takes place, the embryos are allowed to develop for about 2 to 5 days.
Step 5: Embryo Transfer
·         Once the embryos are developed, they are examined so that the healthiest one is selected for the transfer.
·         Before the transfer, the doctor may or may not give a mild sedative to the patient.
·         To transfer the embryo, the doctor will insert a flexible, thin, long tube (catheter) into the vagina, through the cervix into the uterus. A syringe containing the embryo is attached to the catheter.
·         However, after embryo transplant, it’s important to take precautions to avoid the side-effects such as Breast tenderness due to high estrogen levels, bloating, cramping, constipation, etc.

Step 6: Pregnancy Test 

After 10 days of the implantation, the patient is tested for the pregnancy. 

The above mentioned steps are performed cautiously during the process of artificial insemination through In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) to make it a success. However, it should be kept in mind that the treatment doesn’t guarantee a 100% success rate. 

Milan Tomic

Hi. I’m Designer of Blog Magic. I’m CEO/Founder of ThemeXpose. I’m Creative Art Director, Web Designer, UI/UX Designer, Interaction Designer, Industrial Designer, Web Developer, Business Enthusiast, StartUp Enthusiast, Speaker, Writer and Photographer. Inspired to make things looks better.

  • Image
  • Image
  • Image
  • Image
  • Image
    Blogger Comment
    Facebook Comment


  1. there is also a new portal called Ela Woman (https://www.elawoman.com) who helps in finding solutions to IVF specialists and in gaining easy pay loans for all its users. Do check out.

  2. Wonderful illustrated information. I thank you about that. No doubt it will be very useful for my future projects. Would like to see some other posts on the same subject!

  3. Great information...Your post the very informative i have learned some information about your blog thank you for Sharing the great information.....

    Infertility counseling can help most couples that are going through fertility treatment programs. There are two types of counseling that an individual or couple may be looking at for fertility assistance..

    " Discover A Simple Holistic System For Getting Pregnant Fast using 100% Guaranteed All-Natural Ancient Chinese Method.
    Click Here. >>>>> How To Treat infertility <<<<<